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Salario Mínimo Interprofesional 2022

salario mínimo interprofesional

¿Qué sabes del Salario Mínimo Interprofesional? ¿Por qué se establece cada año? ¿Puede afectarnos a la hora cobrar ayudas por desempleo? A continuación encontrarás todas las respuestas que necesitas acerca de este indicador fijado por el Gobierno.

1. ¿Qué es el Salario Mínimo Interprofesional o SMI?

El Salario Mínimo Interprofesional, también conocido con las siglas SMI, es un indicador que nos muestra la cuantía económica que cobrará como mínimo un trabajador en concepto de sueldo, conforme la jornada laboral que realice.

Esta cifra debe respetarse en todos los casos, sin que exista posibilidad de realizar distinciones de sexo o edad entre los trabajadores, ya sean contratados indefinidamente o de forma eventual, sean temporeros o empleados del hogar.

Es el Gobierno quien fija esta cantidad todos los años tras reunirse con los sindicatos y asociaciones empresariales más representativas, y teniendo en cuenta los siguientes criterios:

  • El IPC, que es el índice de precios al consumo.
  • La productividad media nacional que se ha alcanzado.
  • El incremento que ha habido en la renta nacional por la participación del trabajo.
  • La situación económica general.

El SMI se fija anualmente porque así lo establece el Estatuto de los Trabajadores. Esta Ley señala además que debe fijarse una revisión semestral, por si no se cumplen las previsiones sobre el índice de precios.

¿Cuál es el Salario Mínimo Interprofesional 2022?

Durante el 2022 el SMI será el siguiente:

SMI diario 31,66 euros/día
SMI mensual 950 euros/mes
SMI anual 13.300 euros/año (14 pagas)

Estas cifras han experimentado un incremento de un 5,5% con respecto a las cuantías del 2022.

El hecho de que un trabajador reciba una parte de su salario en especie, nunca podrá disminuir la cantidad fijada en el Salario Mínimo.

Sueldo Mínimo Interprofesional anual

El SMI anual se compone de 14 pagas, y no de 12.

Para el 2022, el SMI anual está fijado en 13.300 euros por 14 pagas.

SMI bruto

El Salario Mínimo Interprofesional se fija en valores netos, por lo que el trabajador no puede percibir una cuantía inferior una vez descontadas todas las deducciones obligatorias.

Si quieres conocer cuáles son las deducciones obligatorias que deben aplicarse al salario que percibimos, lee el artículo: «Cómo calcular tu finiquito» o «Las claves para entender tu nómina«, en el que te explicamos la diferencia entre el salario neto y el salario bruto.

Sueldo base Interprofesional a media jornada

Para los trabajadores que realicen una jornada inferior a la completa, el SMI queda reducido a proporción de las horas que realizan. Las cuantías establecidas se fijan por la realización de una jornada a tiempo completo.

Así por ejemplo, a una jornada de cuatro horas diarias, le corresponde un salario mínimo de 475 euros al mes (6.650 euros anuales).

2. El SMI del últimos diez años

El Salario Mínimo en España durante los últimos diez años apenas se ha ido incrementando, e incluso durante algunos años se mantuvo congelado, tal y como vemos en la siguiente tabla:

AÑO SMI DÍA SMI MES
2022 30 € 900 €
2022 24,53 € 735,90 €
2022 23,59 € 707,60 €
2022 21,80 € 655,20 €
2015 21,60 € 648,60 €
2014 21,51 € 645,30 €
2013 21,51 € 645,30 €
2012 21,38 € 641,40 €
2011 21,38 € 641,40 €
2010 21,11 € 633,30 €

Este año, sin embargo, hemos visto un aumento del 5,5% con respecto al SMI del año pasado.

3. ¿Cuál es el Salario Mínimo Interprofesional en Europa?

En la siguiente tabla puedes consultar los Salarios Mínimos Interprofesionales en 2022 de diferentes países europeos. Debes tener en cuenta que los datos se muestran en relación a 12 pagas y no a 14.

smi europa 2022

4. ¿Cómo afecta el sueldo base interprofesional a la hora de solicitar un subsidio por desempleo?

Para poder cobrar un subsidio por desempleo, es requisito imprescindible que el desempleado pueda justificar que no posee ingresos superiores al 75% del Salario Mínimo Interprofesional del año en curso. Es decir, este concepto afecta en la medida en que se fijan los topes para recibir las ayudas por desempleo.

Por tanto, el SMI es el indicador que va a tenerse en cuenta para medir el nivel de ingresos de la persona desempleada o de su unidad familiar a efectos de concederle o no la ayuda.

Durante el 2022, el 75% del Salario Mínimo en España se sitúa en 712,50 euros mensuales, por lo que las rentas no podrán ser superiores a esta cifra.

Las personas desempleadas que perciban rentas superiores a 675 euros mensuales no podrán ser beneficiarias de un subsidio por desempleo

En cambio, para determinar las cuantías a percibir, el SMI no es el indicador que se tiene en cuenta, sino el IPREM, que es el Indicador Público de Renta de Efectos Múltiples.

A diferencia el SMI, el IPREM se mantiene en principio igual que en 2022, estableciéndose en 537,84 euros mensuales (6.454,03 euros euros anuales por 12 pagas, y  7.519,59 euros por 14 pagas). De manera que las cuantías que perciben los beneficiarios de un subsidio por desempleo tampoco han variado.

La cuantía a percibir en un subsidio por desempleo como por ejemplo el subsidio por insuficiencia de cotización, la ayuda familiar, la Renta Activa de Inserción RAI o el subsidio para mayores de 45 años se corresponde con el 80% del IPREM, es decir, 430 euros mensuales.

Más información:

Real Decreto 231/2022, de 4 de febrero, por el que se fija el salario mínimo interprofesional para 2022.

*Información actualizada a Noviembre de 2022

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