Saltar al contenido

La incapacidad permanente absoluta: ¿en qué casos se concede?

La incapacidad absoluta

Existen cuatro grados de incapacidad permanente, que sirven para determinar, entre otras cosas, la prestación más adecuada que debe percibir el trabajador afectado. En los casos en los que la persona sufre una incapacidad permanente absoluta, se encuentra inhabilitado para trabajar en todas las profesiones y oficios.

1. ¿Qué es una incapacidad permanente?

Una incapacidad permanente es una situación a la que llega un trabajador, que tras someterse a tratamiento médico, sigue presentando deficiencias, aparentemente de carácter definitvo, que le anulan o disminuyen su capacidad para el trabajo.

Si hubiera una posibilidad de recuperación por parte del trabajador, no se considerará incapacidad permanente, es decir, las secuelas físicas o funcionales deben ser definitivas, o por lo menos de forma aparente.

Actualmente existen cuatro grados de incapacidad permanente:

  • Incapacidad permanente parcial para la profesión habitual.
  • Incapacidad permanente total para la profesión habitual.
  • Incapacidad permanente absoluta para todo trabajo.
  • Gran invalidez.

Cada grado de invalidez o incapacidad, determina una prestación a percibir por el trabajador, siendo la gran invalidez, la incapacidad permanente absoluta y la gran invalidez las situaciones que dejan al trabajador inhabilitado para cualquier tipo de trabajo.

2. ¿Cuándo tiene lugar una incapacidad absoluta?

La incapacidad permanente absoluta, también conocida como invalidez absoluta, tiene lugar cuando el trabajador queda inhabilitado para la realización de cualquier profesión u oficio, es decir, no puede volver a trabajar mientras se encuentra en esta situación.

Puede tener lugar tras el alta médica por una incapacidad temporal o durante ésta, cuando las lesiones o deficiencias que presenta se presumen definitivas y le impiden la realización de cualquier trabajo.

3. Requisitos de la invalidez absoluta

Para poder acogerse a una prestación de incapacidad permanente absoluta, el trabajador debe acreditar que reúne los siguientes requisitos:

No debe haber alcanzado la edad de jubilación, y en el caso de que ya la tenga, no puede tener derecho a cobrar la jubilación contributiva por no reunir los requisitos necesarios.

Tiene que estar afiliado y dado de alta en la Seguridad, en situación asismilada al alta, como por ejemplo en el caso de una excedencia voluntaria, o también se contempla la posibilidad de encontrarse en situación de no alta.

Requisitos de cotización

Respecto a los requisitos de cotización mínimos para poder acogerse a la prestación, se tiene en cuenta el hecho que da lugar a la invalidez absoluta, no siendo lo mismo que se derive de una enfermedad común, que de un accidente, tal y como vemos en la siguiente imagen:

[caption id="attachment_60782" align="alignnone" width="680"]incapacidad absoluta Requisitos de cotización para solicitar la incapacidad permanente absoluta[/caption]

No se exigen periodos de cotización mínimos si la incapacidad permanente absoluta deriva de accidente laboral o enfermedad profesional.

4. Cuantías a percibir por una invalidez permanente absoluta

La prestación por incapacidad permanente absoluta es una pensión vitalicia que se corresponde con el 100% de la base reguladora.

Si la incapacidad permanente absoluta se ha originado a causa de un accidente de trabajo o enfermedad profesional, la pensión puede verse incrementada de un 30% a un 50 % en los casos de negligencia del empresario, es decir, que el accidente o enfermedad tuvieron lugar a por ejemplo por la utilización de máquinas o artefactos que no contaran con los dispositivos de seguridad regalmentarios. Cuando esto ocurre, es el empresario infractor quien tendrá que abonar ese recargo.

En los casos de accidente laboral o enfermedad profesional, junto con el cobro de la pensión de incapacidad permanente absoluta, es posible en determinados casos, optar a una indemnización. Si estás interesado en conocerlas, visita el artículo: «Posibles indemnizaciones por accidente laboral»

¿Cómo se abona la pensión?

Con respecto al pago de la cuantías, la pensión de incapacidad permanente absoluta se abona mensualmente.

El número de pagas está condicionado al hecho que produce la invalidez absoluta, pues no será lo mismo que se haya originado a causa de una enfermedad común que por un accidente laboral:

  • Enfermedad común: 14 pagas
  • Accidente laboral o enfermedad profesional: 12 pagas (las pagas extraordinarias están prorrateadas en este caso).

5. ¿Cuando se suspende o se extingue la pensión de invalidez absoluta?

La prestación por incapacidad permanente absoluta o invalidez absoluta se extingue en los siguientes casos:

  • Si el trabajador actúa de forma fraudulenta para obtener la pensión o conservarla.
  • Cuando la invalidez absoluta tenga lugar o se agrave a consecuencia de imprudencia temeraria del beneficiario.
  • Cuando se agrave o se deba al abandono del tratamiento médico durante la incapacidad temporal
  • Abandono o rechazo de tratamientos de rehabitación que sean necesarios.

Además, la pensión por invalidez absoluta, se extingue de forma definitiva cuando:

  • Cuando tras una revisión, el beneficiario presente una curación.
  • Por el fallecimiento del beneficiario.
  • Si se reconoce el derecho a percibir la pensión de jubilación, si opta a ella.

6. Modelo de solicitud y presentación

Para tramitar la prestación por incapacidad permanente absoluta, las personas interesadas deberán dirigise a un Centro de Atención e Información de la Seguridad Social y presentar el Modelo de Solicitud de prestaciones de incapacidad, junto con la documentación que se especifica en el impreso.

Descargar el Modelo de Solicitud de Prestaciones de Incapacidad

(pincha aquí para descargar el formulario oficial)

La concesión de esta pensión corresponde al Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social INSS para el Régimen General. Junto a esta, también se contempla esta prestación para los Regímenes Especiales como los trabajadores autonómos o los Trabajadores del Mar cuya concesión corresponde al Instituto Social de la Marina (ISM).

Más Información

Entradas relacionadas

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Comentarios (69)

mega-casino77.com
슐레이만 왕자는 팡지판의 상상과 달리 매우 조용한 청년이었다.

Responder

crazyslot1.com
거의 매번 이 유람선은 산더미 같은 편지를 가지고 돌아옵니다.

Responder

ttbslot.com
이 신사들은 비오는 날을 계획하고 있다는 말입니까?

Responder

Статья содержит актуальную информацию, которая помогает понять сложность и важность проблемы.

https://piir.ru/product/st-sl150no-zashhelka-jelektromehanicheskaja/

Responder

qiyezp.com
Fang Jifan은 몇 번이고 하품을했고 눈이 졸 렸고 에너지를 되찾았습니다.

Responder

Я просто восхищен этой статьей! Автор предоставил глубокий анализ темы и подкрепил его примерами и исследованиями. Это помогло мне лучше понять предмет и расширить свои знания. Браво!

https://tamrex.ru/sfery-primeneniya-hrizotilczementnyh-trub-obzor-i-sravnenie/

Responder

sandyterrace.com
다른 한린인들은 감히 고개를 들지 못했고, 꾸지람을 들어도 화를 내지 않았다.

Responder

donmhomes.com
毎回読むたびに新しいことを学びます。これからも応援しています。

Responder

qiyezp.com
바로 이 순간… 그는 마침내 감정이 무너지는 것을 느꼈다.

Responder

ihrfuehrerschein.com
하사관은 할당량도, 시설도, 아무것도 없습니다.

Responder

Я ценю информативный подход этой статьи. Она предоставляет достаточно фактов и данных для лучшего понимания проблемы. Хотелось бы увидеть больше ссылок на исследования и источники информации.

https://digilider.ru/izh-13-start-avtomobil-kotoryj-edva-ne-stal-narodnym/

Responder

I have taken notice that in digital cameras, special devices help to {focus|concentrate|maintain focus|target|a**** automatically. These sensors regarding some video cameras change in contrast, while others work with a beam involving infra-red (IR) light, specially in low light. Higher specification cameras occasionally use a mix of both programs and might have Face Priority AF where the photographic camera can ‘See’ a face and concentrate only on that. Thanks for sharing your opinions on this website.

https://www.escobarvape.org

Responder

ihrfuehrerschein.com
그러나 곧 닝보 해군의 전방에서 최신 정보를 입수했습니다.

Responder

veganchoicecbd.com
그러나 더 많은 사람들이 매일 이 책을 들고 열심히 읽기 시작했습니다.

Responder

werankcities.com
Fang Jifan은 한숨을 쉬었습니다. «강해 져야 해요. 이러고 싶지 않아요. 한 그릇 더 먹자.»

Responder

werankcities.com
«네, 그날 심문을 위해 많은 학자와 사대부들이 체포되었습니다…»

Responder

ihrfuehrerschein.com
Zhu Houzhao는 눈살을 찌푸리며 «매출이란 무엇입니까? «라고 의심스럽게 물었습니다.

Responder

Interesting post made here. One thing I would like to say is the fact most professional areas consider the Bachelor Degree like thejust like the entry level standard for an online course. Though Associate Certifications are a great way to get started, completing a person’s Bachelors starts up many entrances to various professions, there are numerous online Bachelor Diploma Programs available by institutions like The University of Phoenix, Intercontinental University Online and Kaplan. Another thing is that many brick and mortar institutions offer you Online variations of their certifications but normally for a drastically higher cost than the corporations that specialize in online course plans.

https://afour.co.id/wp-content/assets/?harga=mawartoto

Responder

Thanks for the different tips discussed on this weblog. I have realized that many insurance carriers offer clients generous reductions if they elect to insure several cars with them. A significant variety of households currently have several cars these days, particularly those with old teenage children still residing at home, along with the savings with policies might soon mount up. So it is a good idea to look for a good deal.

https://kilaskata.com/wp-includes/assets/?hayo=mawartoto

Responder

tvlore.com
Zhu Houzhao는 «지난번에 해바라기 물이 언제 왔습니까? «라고 말했습니다.

Responder

veganchoicecbd.com
도살된 돼지 같은 울부짖음과 함께 Fang Jifan은 반음 후에 침묵했습니다.

Responder

k8 かじ の
実用的で役に立つ情報が豊富で、大変満足しています。

Responder

I have been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this blog. Thanks , I will try and check back more often. How frequently you update your website?

https://www.zoritolerimol.com

Responder

game1kb.com
아래에는 각 사건에 대한 자세한 기록이 있습니다.

Responder

thebuzzerpodcast.com
Hongzhi 황제는 잘생겼다는 말을 듣고 잠시 숨이 막혀 오랫동안 말문이 막혔습니다.

Responder

k8 カジノ エアドロップ
このブログはいつも私の期待を超える情報を提供してくれます。本当にありがとう。

Responder

k8 カジノ バニー
読む価値のある、非常に興味深い内容でした。

Responder

Hi my friend! I want to say that this post is amazing, nice written and come with approximately all significant infos. I?d like to see more posts like this .

https://www.paiduaykan.com/travel/E0B884E0B8B2E0B980E0B89FE0B988E0B89AE0B8B2E0B887E0B89BE0B8B9

Responder

k8 カジノ 入金 時間
実用性に富んだ記事で、非常に感謝しています。

Responder

It?s laborious to search out knowledgeable people on this topic, however you sound like you realize what you?re talking about! Thanks

https://www.geekbarpulse.org

Responder

Along with everything that seems to be developing inside this particular subject matter, a significant percentage of opinions happen to be quite exciting. Nevertheless, I beg your pardon, but I do not give credence to your whole theory, all be it exhilarating none the less. It seems to me that your opinions are actually not completely rationalized and in actuality you are your self not even entirely convinced of the assertion. In any case I did enjoy reading it.

https://www.technomedicalequipment.com

Responder

Hello my family member! I wish to say that this article is awesome, nice written and come with almost all significant infos. I would like to look more posts like this .

https://youtu.be/RyjCpznUsx0

Responder

I have not checked in here for a while since I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend :)

https://youtu.be/wT0MjkDWqls

Responder

ミリオンゴッド-神々の凱旋
このブログはいつも私の知識を広げてくれます。感謝しています。

Responder

I’d should examine with you here. Which is not one thing I usually do! I get pleasure from studying a publish that may make people think. Additionally, thanks for allowing me to comment!

https://www.tradingtoys.de/collections/lego-polybag-polybags-figuren

Responder

Hi, Neat post. There is an issue along with your site in internet explorer, would test this?K IE still is the marketplace chief and a large portion of other people will miss your fantastic writing due to this problem.

https://www.tdsky.com/hire-a-hacker-for-social-media/

Responder

We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your site offered us with valuable information to work on. You have done an impressive job and our entire community will be thankful to you.

https://multigunshop.com/

Responder

obviously like your website but you have to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very bothersome to inform the truth nevertheless I will certainly come again again.

https://youtu.be/-lv_WIlp1XI

Responder

One more issue is that video gaming became one of the all-time most important forms of excitement for people spanning various ages. Kids have fun with video games, plus adults do, too. The XBox 360 is amongst the favorite gaming systems for individuals that love to have hundreds of video games available to them, plus who like to experiment with live with other people all over the world. Thanks for sharing your ideas.

https://www.joanbermanmd.com/

Responder

I’m often to blogging and i really appreciate your content. The article has actually peaks my interest. I am going to bookmark your site and maintain checking for brand new information.

https://youtu.be/yskowhT2nPY

Responder

Yoshimune 2003
このブログは私の思考を広げるのに役立ちます。いつもありがとうございます。

Responder

bestmanualpolesaw.com
Liu Jian은 평범한 장관이 아니며 법원에서 그의 지위는 매우 중요하다고 할 수 있습니다.

Responder

Awsome website! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am bookmarking your feeds also.

https://www.publidifusion.com

Responder

I found your blog web site on google and verify just a few of your early posts. Continue to keep up the excellent operate. I just extra up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. In search of forward to studying more from you afterward!…

https://digiplay.site/

Responder

슬롯 사이트
이것이 시삼촌, 원조 레시피, 원조 맛이다.

Responder

mikaspa.com
하늘에서 도끼가 떨어질 텐데, 이것이 우리 타타르족에 대한 하늘의 벌인가?

Responder

Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your web-site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched all over the place and just couldn’t come across. What a perfect web-site.

https://youtu.be/DYs7dv-PcEs

Responder

I’m in awe of the author’s capability to make intricate concepts understandable to readers of all backgrounds. This article is a testament to his expertise and passion to providing useful insights. Thank you, author, for creating such an engaging and enlightening piece. It has been an unforgettable experience to read!

https://roovet.com/pros

Responder

I?m not sure where you’re getting your info, but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for great information I was looking for this information for my mission.

https://duvalmoving.com

Responder

I have not checked in here for a while since I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend :)

https://youtu.be/vnSTrsh9fqE

Responder

리액툰즈
갑자기 누군가 울부짖었습니다. «폐하…그는 삼판을 타고 거대한 배로 향했습니다.»

Responder

What Is Java Burn? Java Burn is an herbal weight loss formula that comes in the form of sachets of fine powder.

https://youtu.be/FKvVnv1mS70

Responder

This website is mostly a walk-via for all of the information you needed about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse right here, and also you’ll undoubtedly discover it.

https://youtu.be/nJjDud_rj0o

Responder

마종 웨이즈 2
홍지황제는 두 사람을 차갑게 바라보며 침묵을 지켰다.

Responder

에그벳300
Fang Jifan의 얼굴이 갑자기 추악 해졌고 그는 행복하지 않았습니다. 이것은 간장 병입니다.

Responder

I love it when people come together and share opinions, great blog, keep it up.

https://youtu.be/pdutxYnyaFs

Responder

에그벳 스포츠
Liu Jie는 자신이 잘못 들었다고 생각하여 눈을 깜박이지 않을 수 없었고 놀라움이 그의 눈에 번쩍였습니다.

Responder

When I originally commented I clicked the «Notify me when new comments are added» checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get several e-mails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that service? Thanks a lot!

https://youtu.be/8bxRnXD3mqs

Responder

블랙 맘바
Fang Jifan은 눈을 깜빡였습니다. «폐하, 당신도 사임해야합니까?»

Responder

에그벳 주소
Fang Jifan은 즉시 «황제 만세, 황제 만세, 황제 만세»라고 칭찬했습니다.

Responder

게이츠 오브 올림푸스
Hanlin University 학자 Shen Wen은 얼굴에 멍한 표정으로 군중 속에 서있었습니다.

Responder

Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read something like this before. So good to search out somebody with some unique ideas on this subject. realy thanks for beginning this up. this web site is one thing that’s needed on the internet, someone with somewhat originality. helpful job for bringing one thing new to the web!

http://dtoplist.com/5-best-laundry-hampers

Responder

I simply could not depart your site before suggesting that I really loved the standard info an individual supply to your guests? Is gonna be back frequently in order to inspect new posts.

https://www.actualteam.com/contact/

Responder

123 슬롯
장황후가 하렘의 영주라 이에 대해 아는 것이 없다?

Responder

Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I’ve really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

https://medium.com/@joeyt131/despídete-del-azúcar-alto-en-la-sangre-con-estos-14-remedios-naturales-1f186d538cf6

Responder

맥심 슬롯
그러나 이제…그는 자신의 인생관이 바뀌기 시작했음을 알게 되었습니다.

Responder

I like what you guys are up too. Such clever work and reporting! Carry on the superb works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my web site :)

https://rapamycin.store/how-to-purchase

Responder

Great amazing issues here. I am very satisfied to see your post. Thank you a lot and i am having a look forward to contact you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?

https://rapamycin.store/rapamycin-cream

Responder

Hi there! This article couldn’t be written much better! Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept talking about this. I am going to forward this information to him. Fairly certain he’ll have a great read. Thank you for sharing!

https://guestposts.ru/nachinaya-s-segodnyashnego-dnya-uzhe-norma-vvoditsya-novyj-zapret-po-otpuskam-dlya-rossiyan/

Responder